Educate your Representative in Congress about Resolution 306

Macedonian-Americans, please educate your Representative in Congress regarding Concurrent Resolution 306

BACKGROUND

On November 17, 2005, Congressman David E. Price of North Carolina and the U.S. Congressional Caucus on Hellenic Issues co-chaired by Congresswoman Carolyn B. Maloney (D-NY) and Congressman Mike Bilirakis (R-FL) introduced a resolution urginig The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) and Greece to honor the 1995 agreement under which both countries agreed to determine a mutually acceptable official name for the FYROM.” H. CON. RES. 306 was referred to the U.S. House Committee on International Relations the same day. The text of the resolution can be read by clicking HERE.

As of July 25, 2006, 12 congressional representatives have co-sponsored this resolution.

FACT SHEET

1. H. Con. Res 306 promotes state sponsored race based and national origin discrimination on its face, as the Resolution blatantly ignores recent Civil and Human Rights Court decisions against Greece pursuant to the 46 member state European Court of Human Rights;

2. H. Con. Res 306 violates the Separation of Powers Doctrine because it encroaches on duties and powers reserved exclusively to the Executive Branch of Government pursuant to Article II Section 3 of the Constitution; and,

3. H. Con. Res 306 ignores and contravenes Executive Branch decisions made by President Bush involving sensitive areas of national security and foreign policy by creating dangerous foreign policy inconsistencies in matters of national security and by harming U.S. international negotiations which endanger U.S. diplomatic ties.

4. Moreover, H. Con. Res 306 expressly contravenes and disregards detailed Civil Rights findings of fact by the Secretary of State’s Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs relating to national security, origin and race based regional stability issues in the greater Balkan region of Europe.

5. H. Con. Res 306 attempts to do by legislative fiat, that which the Congress can not do directly; specifically, the power to negotiate with foreign sovereigns rests solely with the Executive Branch and Congress can not veto said negotiations, especially when articulating principles of international law in relations with other foreign states, the Executive Branch speaks not only as an interpreter of generally accepted and traditional rules, but also as an advocate of standards it believes desirable for the community of nations and protective of national concerns as a whole. See Banco Nacional de Cuba v. Sabbatino, 376 U.S. 398, 410 (1964).

The Supreme Court has recognized that, in the areas of national security and foreign policy, Congress leaves the President with wide discretion that otherwise might run afoul of the nondelegation doctrine. United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp., 299 U.S. 304 (1936). As stated in that case, “the President alone has the power to speak or listen as a representative of the Nation. He makes treaties with the advice and consent of the Senate; but he alone negotiates.” Id., at 319 (emphasis in original). House Resolution 306 would clearly interfere with the President’s ability to negotiate international issues and his duty to execute required provisions because it wholly disregards the national security and foreign policy based reasons underlying the November 04, 2004 Department of State decision that the United States recognize the country of Macedonia under Macedonia’s constitutional name, the Republic of Macedonia instead of continuing to use the racially/national origin derogatory terms such as “Skopje People” or “FYROM People” See also Haig v. Agee, 453 U.S. 280, 292 (1981); Dames & Moore v. Regan, 453 U.S. 654, 688 (1981); Rostker v. Goldberg, 453 U.S. 57, 64 -68 (1981); Greer v. Spock, 424 U.S. 828, 837 -838 (1976); Parker v. Levy, 417 U.S. 733, 756 , 758 (1974); Harisiades v. Shaughnessy, 342 U.S. 580, 589 (1952). United StatesId.

Supreme Court cases firmly establish that the Constitution commits to the President alone the power to recognize, and withdraw recognition from, foreign regimes. See Banco Nacional de Cuba v. Sabbatino, 376 U.S. 398, 410 (1964); Baker v. Carr, supra, 369 U.S., at 212 ; United States v. Pink, 315 U.S. 203 , 228-230, 62 S. Ct. 552 (1942). That mandate being clear, Congress can not usurp this exclusive power of the Executive Branch. See Baker v. Carr, supra, 369 U.S., at 212 ; United States v. Pink, supra, 315 U.S., at 229 .

The United Macedonian Diaspora encourages Macedonian-Americans to educate every member of the U.S. House Committee on International Relations and their own Representative in the U.S. House of Representatives about H. CON. RES. 306.

Below are the phone and fax numbers of all the members of the U.S. House Committee on International Relations, which will be voting on H. CON. RES. 306.

Majority Members (Republicans)

Congressman Henry J. Hyde (R-IL) [Chairman]
Phone: (202) 225-4561 / Fax: (202) 225-1166

Congressman James A. Leach (R-IA)
Phone: (202)225-6576 / Fax: (202) 226-1278

Congressman Christopher H. Smith (R-NJ)
Phone: (202) 225-3765 / Fax: (202) 225-7768

Congressman Dan Burton (R-IN)
Phone: (202) 225-2276 / Fax: (202) 225-0016

Congressman Elton Gallegly (R-CA)
Phone: (202) 225-5811 / Fax: (202) 225-1100

Congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL)
Phone: (202) 225-3931 / Fax: (202) 225-5620

Congressman Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA)
Phone: (202) 225-2415 / Fax: (202)225-0145

Congressman Edward R. Royce (R-CA)
Phone: (202) 225-4111 / Fax: (202) 226-0335

Congressman Peter T. King (R-NY)
Phone: (202) 225-7896 / Fax: (202) 226-2279

Congressman Steve Chabot (R-OH)
Phone: (202) 225-2216 / Fax: (202) 225-3012

Congressman Tom Tancredo (R-CO)
Phone: (202) 225-7882 / Fax: (202) 226-4623

Congressman Ron Paul (R-TX)
Phone: (202) 225-2831 / Fax: (202) 226-6553

Congressman Darrell Issa (R-CA)
Phone: (202) 225-3906 / Fax: (202) 225-3303

Congressman Jeff Flake (R-AZ)
Phone: (202) 225-2635 / Fax: (202) 226-4386

Congresswoman Jo Ann S. Davis (R-VA)
Phone: (202) 225-4261 / Fax: (202) 225-4382

Congressman Mark Green (R-WI)
Phone: (202) 225-5665 / Fax: (202) 225-5729

Congressman Gerald C. (Jerry) Weller (R-IL)
Phone: (202) 225-3635 / Fax: (202) 225-3521

Congressman Mike Pence (R-IN)
Phone: (202) 225-3021 / Fax: (202) 225-3382

Congressman Thaddeus McCotter (R-MI)
Phone: (202) 225-8171 / Fax: (202) 225-2667

Congresswoman Katherine Harris (R-FL)
Phone: (202) 225-5015 / Fax: (202) 226-0828

Congressman Joe Wilson (R-SC)
Phone: (202) 225-2452 / Fax: (202) 225-2455

Congressman John Boozman (R-AR)
Phone: (202) 225-4301 / Fax: (202) 225-5713

Congressman Gresham Barrett (R-SC)
Phone: (202) 225-5301 / Fax: (202) 225-3216

Congressman Connie Mack (R-FL)
Phone: (202) 225-2536 / Fax: (202) 226-0439

Congressman Jeff Fortenberry (R-NE)
Phone: (202) 225-4806 / Fax: (202) 225-5686

Congressman Michael T. McCaul (R-TX)
Phone: (202) 225-2401 / Fax: (202) 225-5955

Congressman Ted Poe (R-TX)
Phone: (202) 225-6565 / Fax: (202) 225-5547

Minority Members (Democrats)

Congressman Tom Lantos (D-CA) [Ranking Minority Member]
Phone: (202) 225-3531 / Fax: (202) 226-4183

Congressman Howard L. Berman (D-CA)
Phone: (202) 225-4695 / Fax: (202) 225-3196

Congressman Gary L. Ackerman (D-NY)
Phone: (202) 225-2601 / Fax: (202) 225-1589

Congressman Eni F. H. Faleomavaega (D-AS)
Phone: (202) 225-8577 / Fax: 202-225-8757

Congressman Donald M. Payne (D-NJ)
Phone: (202) 225-3436 / Fax: (202) 225-4160

Congressman Robert Menendez (D-NJ)
Phone: 202-225-7919 / Fax: (202) 226-0792

Congressman Sherrod Brown (D-OH)
Phone: (202) 225-3401 / Fax: (202) 225-2266

Congressman Brad Sherman (D-CA)
Phone: (202) 225-5911 / Fax: (202) 225-5879

Congressman Robert Wexler (D-FL)
Phone: (202) 225-3001 / Fax: (202) 225-5974

Congressman Eliot L. Engel (D-NY)
Phone: (202) 225-2464 / Fax: (202) 225-5513

Congressman William D. Delahunt (D-MA)
Phone: (202) 225-3111 / Fax: (202) 225-5658

Congressman Gregory W. Meeks (D-NY)
Phone: (202) 225-3461 / Fax: (202) 226-4169

Congresswoman Barbara Lee (D-CA)
Phone: (202) 225-2661 Fax: (202) 225-9817

Congressman Joseph Crowley (D-NY)
Phone: (202) 225-3965 / Fax: (202) 225-1909

Congressman Earl Blumenauer (D-OR)
Phone: (202) 225-4811 / Fax: (202) 225-8941

Congresswoman Shelley Berkley (D-NV)
Phone: (202) 225-5965 / Fax: (202) 225-3119

Congresswoman Grace Napolitano (D-CA)
Phone: (202) 225-5256 / Fax: (202) 225-0027

Congressman Adam Schiff (D-CA)
Phone: (202) 225-4176 / Fax: (202) 225-5828

Congresswoman Diane E. Watson (D-CA)
Phone: (202) 225-7084 / Fax: (202) 225-2422

Congressman Adam Smith (D-WA)
Phone: (202) 225-8901 / Fax: (202) 225-5893

Congresswoman Betty McCollum (D-MN)
Phone: (202) 225-6631 / Fax: (202) 225-1968

Congressman Ben Chandler (D-KY)
Phone: (202) 225-4706 / Fax: (202) 225-2122

Congressman Dennis Cardoza (D-CA)
Phone: (202) 225-6131 / Fax: (202) 225-0819

For more information, please visit www.umdiaspora.org or call (202) 294-3400.